服务项目

在线客服

专家开出肥胖儿童之运动处方
来源:    发布时间: 2018-09-19 15:54   39 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px


肥胖病给儿童、中年人和老年人都会带来危害。目前,在世界各地,儿童肥胖相当普遍。很多父母错误地认为孩子胖是健康的标志。其实这看法在很大程度上是一种偏见,带有一定的盲目性。孩子在正常的发育过程中,不同的年龄,有不同的体重标准,超过这个

肥胖病给儿童、中年人和老年人都会带来危害。目前,在世界各地,儿童肥胖相当普遍。很多父母错误地认为孩子胖是健康的标志。其实这看法在很大程度上是一种偏见,带有一定的盲目性。孩子在正常的发育过程中,不同的年龄,有不同的体重标准,超过这个标准10%就是肥胖。儿童肥胖与否主要取决于父母对其喂养的认知程度。许多好心的父母常常采用填鸭式的喂养方法,劝食、诱食,甚至逼食等手段,很多成年人也都是以给孩子买各种美味食品来表示自己的爱心,儿童也很容易被各种美味食品所诱惑,养成吃零食的习惯。这样不用多久,他们就会营养过剩,体内蓄积越来越多的脂肪,因而导致肥胖。儿童期肥胖,可促进脂肪细胞数量增加,使其到了成年期更容易肥胖,并且大大增加减肥的难度。

Obesity can bring harm to children, middle-aged people and the elderly. At present, obesity is quite common among children all over the world. Many parents mistakenly believe that children's fat is a sign of health. In fact, this view is largely a prejudice with blindness. Children in the normal course of development, different ages, have different weight standards, more than 10% of this standard is obese. Whether children are obese or not depends largely on their parents' cognition of their feeding. Many kind-hearted parents often use cramming feeding, persuading, inducing, and even forcing food. Many adults also show their love by buying delicious food for their children. Children are easily tempted by delicious food and develop the habit of snacking. It won't take long for them to become overnourished and accumulate more and more fat in their bodies, leading to obesity. Obesity in childhood can increase the number of fat cells, make them more likely to be obese in adulthood, and greatly increase the difficulty of losing weight.

 

波士顿(EGMN)——在美国儿科学会年会上,威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校儿科及骨康复科的Blaise A. Nemeth博士指出,为肥胖儿童开具运动处方,不仅对其身体健康有益,还有助于其建立自信和结交朋友。

BOston (EGMN) - At the annual meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics, Dr. Blaise A. Nemeth of the Department of Pediatrics and Orthopedic Rehabilitation at the University of Wisconsin-Madison pointed out that prescribing exercise for obese children is not only good for their health, but also helpful in building confidence and making friends.

 

食疗养生网相关文章阅读:中国传统瑰宝杜仲的功效与作用及食用方法

Related articles reading: the efficacy and function of Chinese traditional gem Eucommia ulmoides and its edible method

专家开出肥胖儿童之运动处方。 肥胖儿童发生骨折和膝关节损伤的风险较高,因此应认真对待疼痛主诉。膝关节或髋关节疼痛的肥胖儿童发生股骨头骨骺滑脱的可能性较大。因此,对于跛行、髋关节或膝关节疼痛的肥胖儿童,应首先考虑进行X线检查。肥胖儿童由于多食少动的生活方式导致骨骼质量较差,并且敏捷性不如非肥胖儿童,容易在运动中摔倒,因此而骨折的风险较高,而且过厚的脂肪组织也导致较难对骨折进行诊断。不过,有意思的是,运动虽然可增加骨折的风险,但也是降低肥胖相关骨折风险的最佳方式之一,因为运动可改善骨骼质量、提高肌力和协调性并促进体重降低。

Experts prescribe the exercise prescription for obese children. Obese children have a higher risk of fracture and knee injury, so pain complaints should be taken seriously. Obese children with knee or hip pain may be more likely to have spondylolisthesis of the femoral head. Therefore, X-ray examination should be considered first for obese children with claudication, hip or knee pain. Obese children have poor bone quality due to a lifestyle of eating more and exercising less, and their agility is not as good as that of non-obese children, and they are prone to fall down during exercise. Therefore, the risk of fracture is higher, and the thick fat tissue also makes it difficult to diagnose fracture. Interestingly, though, exercise increases the risk of fractures, it is also one of the best ways to reduce the risk of obesity-related fractures, because exercise improves bone quality, improves muscle strength and coordination, and promotes weight loss.

 

为肥胖儿童开具运动处方只需以下三步:

For obese children to prescribe exercise prescription, there are only three steps.

 

·了解基线健康状况。通过全面体检找出任何可能需要限制运动或调整运动方式的原因,同时通过相关的图表来记录儿童的改善情况,以此激励其进行更多的运动。

Understand baseline health status. Find out any possible reasons for restricting or adjusting exercise patterns through a comprehensive physical examination, and use related charts to record improvements in children to motivate them to do more exercise.

 

中医养生抗癌三件宝:蛹虫草 金蝉花 壁虎抗癌

Chinese medicine health preserving cancer three treasures: Cordyceps militaris house lizard cicada flower cancer

 


·了解基线健身状况。在实验室中或在教练员监测下进行运动测试,并设定合理目标,通过点滴的进步来激发儿童的运动积极性并减少失败所带来的消极性。

Understand baseline fitness status. Exercise tests are conducted in the laboratory or under the supervision of coaches, and reasonable goals are set to stimulate children's motivation and reduce the negative effects of failure through drip-by-drip progress.

 

·经常随访。切勿对患者放任自流。定期的随访能够监测患者的健康改善情况及发现潜在问题(如肌肉骨骼问题)。

Regular follow-up. Never allow patients to let themselves go. Regular follow-up can monitor the patient's health improvement and identify potential problems (such as musculoskeletal problems).

 

由于大多数儿科并没有健身设备,因此在开具处方前对社区的健身资源进行了解至关重要。有些社区中心或可提供

Since most Pediatrics do not have fitness equipment, it is important to know the community's fitness resources before prescribing. Some community centres are available.

 

便宜的运动课程,并配有专业的教练员,医生可将肥胖儿童介绍给这些教练员,一对一地进行肌力和协调性的锻炼。肥胖诊所通常设有运动项目并有医务人员进行监测。一些社区或私人健身场所设定了年龄限制,不过医生处方证明通常可作为通行证。一些机构和项目可能要求父母参与或成人监测,特别是针对年幼的儿童。制订个体化的运动计划也很重要,因为有些肥胖儿童喜欢集体运动形式,有些则不喜欢。

Cheap exercise classes, equipped with professional coaches, can be introduced to obese children for one-on-one muscle strength and coordination exercises. Obesity clinics usually have sports and medical staff monitor them. Some communities or private gyms have age limits, but doctor prescriptions often prove passable. Some agencies and projects may require parental involvement or adult monitoring, especially for young children. Individualized exercise programs are also important, because some obese children like group sports, while others don't.

 

中医养生网推荐热点文章:丹参的功效与作用及食用方法

Hot articles recommended by TCM health care network: efficacy and function of Salvia miltiorrhiza and methods of consumption

在结果方面,不应过于看重体重指数(BMI)。BMI并不能区分肌肉质量和脂肪质量,无法准确反映身体成分的变化。除了BMI之外,还可采用其他指标(如平衡性、协调性、耐力和总体健康)来评价运动的效果。

In terms of outcome, weight index (BMI) should not be overemphasized. BMI can not distinguish between muscle mass and fat mass, and can not accurately reflect changes in body composition. In addition to BMI, other indicators (such as balance, coordination, endurance and overall health) can be used to evaluate the effect of exercise.

 

最后,还需将食物视为重要因素。儿童如果增加运动时间,则可能用于进食的时间(比如坐在电视机前面的时间)就相对较少。由于运动可加快代谢,因此儿童在运动后可能会变得更饿,这种情况下,应确保其摄入的热量足以弥补运动所致的能量消耗,但应避免大吃大喝。另外,不言而喻,“永远不要用食物作为奖赏”。

Finally, food needs to be regarded as an important factor. Children with increased exercise time may spend less time eating (such as sitting in front of the TV). Since exercise can speed up metabolism, children may become more hungry after exercise. In this case, it should be ensured that the calorie intake is sufficient to compensate for the energy expenditure caused by exercise, but should avoid eating and drinking too much. Moreover, it goes without saying that "never use food as a reward".

 

中医养生网健康提醒:对学龄儿童和青春期少年, 胖孩子自我意识和自我控制能力逐渐完善,加强营养教育和健康教育十分重要,宣传营养知识、引导正确的食物选择、鼓励多吃水果和蔬菜、去除或减少饮食中多脂、含糖的食物成分。每天进行至少30分钟的中等强度的体育运动或体力活动。

Health Reminder: For school-age children and adolescents, the ability of self-awareness and self-control of obese children is gradually improving. It is very important to strengthen nutrition education and health education. It is important to publicize nutritional knowledge, guide correct food choices, encourage more fruits and vegetables, and eliminate or reduce fatty and sugary foods in the diet. Material composition. Do moderate intensity exercise or physical activity for at least 30 minutes a day.